Who was the first black representative?
Joseph Rainey, who became the first African-American Representative in December 1870, navigated a unique path from slave to citizen to Representative. An ardent defender of Black civil and political rights, Rainey directly challenged the calcified traditions of American politics and society.
Who was the first black woman House of Representatives?
The first African-American woman elected to Congress, Shirley Chisholm of New York, won election to the House in 1968. There have been 23 Hispanic-American women who have served in Congress. The first Hispanic-American woman elected to Congress, Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida, won election to the House in 1989.
Who was the first woman to run for president?
Even though she had not yet reached the Constitutionally mandated age of 35 to serve as President, Victoria Woodhull is still regarded as the first female presidential candidate.
What does Amendment 19 say?
Passed by Congress June 4, 1919, and ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th amendment guarantees all American women the right to vote.
Who was president for the shortest period of time and when?
William Henry Harrison, an American military officer and politician, was the ninth President of the United States (1841), the oldest President to be elected at the time. On his 32nd day, he became the first to die in office, serving the shortest tenure in U.S. Presidential history.
What did the 20th Amendment do?
The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.
Which Americans could vote before 1820 quizlet?
Before 1820, only white men who owned property and paid taxes could vote.
How did the 15th Amendment change the United States?
The United States 15th Amendment made voting legal for African-American men. In addition, the right to vote could not be denied to anyone in the future based on a persons race. Although African-American men technically had their voting rights protected, in practice, this victory was short-lived.