The independence of Indonesia, which saw more than 150,000 Dutch troops stationed there as decolonization force, was regarded as an economic disaster for the Netherlands. With the certain loss of the prized colony, the queen announced her intention to abdicate, doing so on 4 September 1948.
Why did Queen Wilhelmina abdicate?
Dismayed by the return to pre-war politics and the pending loss of Indonesia, Wilhelmina abdicated on 4 September 1948 after a reign of 57 years and 286 days due to advancing age and illness. She passed the crown to Juliana and was thenceforward styled Her Royal Highness Princess Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.
Wilhelmina: the feminine form of Willem, a traditional name of the House of Orange. Helena: Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont, sister of Queen Emma, who married Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, Queen Victorias youngest son.
Who is the Dutch Queen?
Máxima Queen Máxima of the NetherlandsMáximaTenure30 April 2013 – presentBornMáxima Zorreguieta Cerruti 17 May 1971 Buenos Aires, ArgentinaSpouseKing Willem-Alexander ( m. 2002)IssueCatharina-Amalia, Princess of Orange Princess Alexia Princess Ariane6 more rows
Although it is a more distant relationship than other royal houses of Europe, because the Dutch royal family are not descendants of Queen Victoria, this places King Willem-Alexander at number 889 in line to the British throne.
Who was the queen of Holland during ww2?
Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria Wilhelmina, in full Wilhelmina Helena Pauline Maria, (born Aug. 31, 1880, The Hague, Neth. —died Nov. 28, 1962, Het Loo, near Apeldoorn), queen of the Netherlands from 1890 to 1948, who, through her radio broadcasts from London during World War II, made herself the symbol of Dutch resistance to German occupation.